When the "Made in China" is no longer cheap manufacturing enterprises need to upgrade and upgrade
At present, Chinese enterprises have been from the "goose" to "Yan first", business model from the past "foundry" to "independent brand", and is no longer "cheap brand."
Data from European market research firms show that Chinese manufacturing workers rose average to $ 3.6 in 2016, up 64 percent from 2011, more than five times the average hourly rate for Indian workers, and more than South Africa and Portugal.
National Bureau of Statistics data also proved this point, in 2015, the average annual wage of manufacturing urban workers 55324 yuan, an increase of 51% over 2011, while the average annual wage of urban workers increased by 48.4%. In other words, the wages of the manufacturing sector outperformed the national average. If the amount of wages from the point of view, the average wage than the agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery, construction, accommodation and catering, water conservancy and public facilities, residential services, blue-collar workers in the "high salary."
Manufacturing wages rise, so that the industry some worry: the manufacturing industry will not leave? In accordance with the theory of industrial economic gradient transfer, when a local comprehensive cost increases, companies are likely to choose to migrate to lower overall costs.
In fact, the decision to the cost of the product is not only the labor costs, but also including labor productivity, including a series of factors, corporate profits is the case, and the number of products and the overall size of the income, but also with the added value of the product. The added value of mental work, including manual processing, equipment processing and mobile marketing, including technical level, intellectual property, and management experience, should be taken into account when considering product added value.
In other words, the "people + tooling = machine" labor-intensive enterprises to produce products, and high-paying high-tech "blue collar" in the technology-intensive enterprises produced products, its added value is very different, even more Said into the relevant independent intellectual property rights of the product.
Made in China "no longer cheap", from another point of view, can also be considered that the Chinese-made products are no longer cheap, Chinese enterprises are no longer at the bottom of the global industrial chain.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics data, from January to November in 2016, China's industrial technological transformation investment of 8346800000000 yuan, an increase of 12 percent, growth rate of 8.6 percentage points higher than industrial investment, accounting for 40.4% of industrial investment, higher than the same period last year 3.1 percentage points.
Industrial technology to enhance the production efficiency of enterprises at the same time, but also to make the total decline in corporate employment. Zhejiang Province, for example, the province plans to live in 2020 the province's industrial robots more than 10 million units. In other words, despite the substantial increase in the wages of highly skilled workers, but the overall labor costs are not necessarily increased. And higher value-added products, will bring more broad market space for the enterprise. By contrast, manufacturing companies are moving to countries where labor costs appear to be very low, but they will lose their existing technological advantages.
"Flying geese model" is the East Asian countries to revitalize their own industrial development model, according to this model, when the industrial products in the country have a certain demand, and the country also gradually grasp the corresponding production technology, enterprises will use their products to occupy the domestic market and achieve Export.
At present, Chinese enterprises have been from the "goose" to "Yan first", business model from the past "foundry" to "independent brand", and is no longer "cheap brand." More and more domestic manufacturing enterprises, already have not inferior to overseas counterparts in the plant and production lines, but the lack of control of these production lines of senior technicians, and product development and marketing channels to build, still need to force. Of course, the parties concerned should also give more support to manufacturing enterprises, such as tax relief, land security, etc., so that manufacturing enterprises will be more funds for their own transformation and upgrading.